CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM

Some guys play with their heads, and sure, you need to be smart to be number one in anything you try. But most important, you've got to play with your heart. If you're lucky enough to find a guy with a lot of head and a lot of heart, he'll never come off the field second.

--Vince Lomardi

VOCABULARY
CAREER EXPLORATION
DIAGRAMS
DISEASES
LABS
LAB PRACTICALS
STUDY TIPS

QUIZZES

Heart Quiz 1
Heart Quiz 2

TEST
See Moodle For Calendar

 

UNIT OBJECTIVES

After completing this unit, you should be able to:

  • Name the organs of the cardiovascular system and discuss their functions
  • Name and describe the location of the major parts of the heart
  • Discuss the function of each major part of the heart
  • Trace the pathway of blood through the heart and the vessels of the coronary circulation
  • Discuss the cardiac cycle and explain how it is controlled
  • Define cardiac output and discuss the interrelationship of heart rate and stroke volume
  • Discuss the effect of exercise on cardiac function
  • Explain the causes of the normal heart sounds
  • Describe four functions of the blood
  • Explain how blood pressure is measured, created and controlled
  • Genetically, describe the four basic blood types and how they are determined
  • Explain the process of blood clotting
  • Identify and describe the location of the major arteries and veins of he pulmonary and systemic circuits
  • Describe the structure of arteries, veins, and capillaries
  • Identify the diseases, causes and symptoms of the cardiovascular system
  • Define the prefixes, suffixes and root words associated with this unit

AMA reference site

VOCABULARY

aorta coronary myocardium serous
apex diastole myocardial infarction systole
arrythmia epicardium parietal tachycardia
atria endocarditis pericardial cavity tricuspid
base endocardium pericarditis tricuspid
bicuspid fibrillation pericardium vena cava
bradycardia interventricular septum pulmonary ventricles
congestive heart failure murmur semilunar visceral

DIAGRAMS

Answers

 

A. Name the blood vessel.

B. Name the valve.

C. Name the chamber.

D. Name the blood vessel that opens here.

E. Name the valve.

F. Name the chamber.

G. Name the layer of the heart.

 

H. Name the blood vessel.

I. Name the blood vessel that enters here.

J. Name the chamber.

K. Name the valve.

L. Name the chamber.

M. Name the wall.

N. Name the layer of the heart.

Labs
Answers

ANTERIOR VIEW OF WHOLE HEART

 

A. Name the double membraned sac.

B. Name the chamber.

C. Name the chamber.

D. Name the blood vessels.

E. Name the blood vessel.

F. Name the blood vessel.

G. Name the chamber.

H. Name the chamber.

I. Name this point on the heart.

 
POSTERIOR VIEW OF WHOLE HEART

J. Name the blood vessel at this opening.

K. Name the blood vessel at this opening.

L. Name the blood vessel at this opening.

M. Name the chamber.

N. Name the blood vessel at this opening.

O. Name the chamber.

P. Name the blood vessel at this opening.

Q. Name the chamber.

R. Name the chamber.

CORONAL CUT SHOWING TOP AND BOTTOM HALVES OF HEART

A. Name the blood vessel.

G. Name the chamber. M. Name the chamber.
B. Name the blood vessel. H. Name this wall. N. Name the blood vessel.
C. Name the chamber. I. Name the outer layer of the heart. O. Name the valve.
D. Name the valve. J. Name this layer of the heart. P. Name the chamber.
E. Name the chamber. K. Name the "strings". Q. Name the valve.
F. Name the lining of the heart. L. Name the valve.  

LAB PRACTICAL "PRACTICE"

CyberHeart, a CardioTutorial
ECG Library

Life Expectancy Calculator

Heart Sounds

More Heart Sounds

Click on the web address above and work through the tutorial. Do all three views.

For additional information, photos and diagrams click on the following addresses:

VIRTUAL BODY--Take a tour through the heart

NOVA--Do the following parts:

  • Map of the Heart
  • Amazing Heart Facts
  • Pioneering Surgeon
  • Heart Transplant--Are you going to be a good doctor?

FRANKLIN INSTITUTE--Heart Exploration--explore through all of the words in blue. Look at some of the movies and listen to the heart beat.

Blood Typing Exercise

Blood Typing Activity

BLOOD FLOW--Put the following parts of the heart in the order in which the blood flows starting with the vena cavas. Check with y our teacher for the answers.

aorta
aortic semilunar
arterioles
arteries
bicuspid
capillaries
left atrium
left ventricle
lungs
pulmonary artery
pulmonary semilunar
pulmonary vein
right atrium
rgith ventricle
tricupid
veins
vena cava
venules

HAVE YOU SEEN THE ST. JOSEPH ASPIRIN COMMERCIAL?? Click on aspirin and then on the commerical box on their website. Would this be useful for your Blood Pathway Story??

QUIZZES

Go over the internal structure of the heart with an online quiz. Its called Heart Anatomy: Interior View. Go through the tutorial first and then test yourself by clicking on those words below the heart. There is another tutorial for the posterior view on this site but the first is the better one for our purposes.

STUDY TIPS--Use the one(s) that best suit your learning style

This is a three week unit. There is a great deal to learn, as well as many labs. Attendance is very important. Be here and be on time.

  • Read the assigned pages in your book, even though the chapters are somewhat longer than previous chapters. It will help to explain what was in your notes.
  • Do the dissection carefully. If you need more time or extra help, be sure to stay for the after school study session.
  • Check the wall for additional diagrams and help.
  • Take notes over the video(s)
  • Divide up the work and continue to study at least 20 minutes EVERY evening.
  • ALWAYS BE PREPARED FOR A POP QUIZ...

CARDIOVASCULAR TEST STUDY GUIDE:

A. Questions 1-39 Cardiovascular Notes Part

  1. highlight all new words in the notes and making sure you know a workable definition.
  2. turn your notes into possible test questions

B. Questions 40-57 (red, white and platelets) Given characteristics, can you match the cell?

  1. go over the characteristics in the book and the notes (part2)
  2. go over the Blood Note Quiz. Did you correct the quiz?

C. Questions 58-65 Agglutinins and antibodies of the blood types

  1. go over the book and the notes (part 2)
  2. go over the Blood Note Quiz

D. Questions 66-90 Diseases

  1. go over the ones in your notes
  2. go over the disease list
  3. do the heart disease x-word

E. Questions 91-109 Heart Diagram

  1. go over the heart color page
  2. study the diagram on the heart lab practical
  3. review the diagram in the book
  4. check the web page

F. Questions 110-125 Vein and Artery Diagrams

  1. go over the vein and artery diagrams
  2. check the pictures in the book page 336-337

CHECK LIST: Did you study or go over the following???

  • notes I
  • notes II
  • four different crosswords
  • corrected quizzes
  • all diagrams
  • any and all labs
  • our web site

 

 

 

On our web site, did you:

  • look and define the vocabulary?
  • do the diagram?
  • review using the lab photos?
  • do the heart tutorial and their quizzes?
  • do the quizzes that are provided by the instructors

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